Technology and the Mystical: A Meditation on “Gravity”


By Very Rev. Robert Barron

Spoiler alert: Key plot details for the film “Gravity” contained in this article.

Alfonso Cuaron’s “Gravity” is the most visually arresting movie since “Avatar.” Its special effects have been quite rightly characterized as revolutionary and groundbreaking. But what is perhaps most surprising about this stunning film is its clear and profound religious import.

The movie opens with a splendid vista of the earth viewed from outer space. As we are taking in this delicious vision, we begin to notice a vehicle moving toward our point of vantage. We then make out around the craft a crew of astronauts busily working, fixing, and exploring. The sheer wonder of human technology, our capacity to master our environment, is vividly on display.

But trouble quickly comes. The debris from a series of shattered satellites, we learn, is moving rapidly toward the craft. Before the crew can fully brace for impact, the space station is struck and catastrophically compromised. Most of them are killed instantly, but two figures — mission commander Matt Kowalski (George Clooney) and Ryan Stone (Sandra Bullock) — are left alive but in desperate danger. After a series of unfortunate accidents and coincidences, Kowalski is left clinging to Stone as she clings to the remains of an abandoned Soyuz Soviet space station. It becomes clear that Stone can survive only if Kowalski detaches himself from her. Despite her tearful protestations, he lets go and drifts lazily off into space and certain death. The last word we hear from him—and it is the first hint of the movie’s spiritual ambitions—is his serene comment that the Ganges looks beautiful with the sun glinting off of it. As he performs the supreme act of love (“greater love hath no man than to give his life for his friend.”), he contemplates one of the most religiously charged locales on the planet.

Freed from Kowalski, Stone makes her way into the Soyuz and finds the pod on which she hopes to fly to a Chinese vehicle, which will finally take her home. But to her infinite chagrin, she discovers that there is no fuel in the Soviet pod and that she is, accordingly, surely doomed. With tears and much hesitation, she commences to pray, though she admits she doesn’t really know how to pray, and at this point, we notice an icon of St. Christopher on the instrument panel of the pod. Her prayer apparently unanswered and resigned to her demise, she then allows the oxygen to run down, so as to commit suicide by hypoxia. But just as she starts to drift into unconsciousness, Kowalski, to our infinite surprise, suddenly opens the hatch and bursts in. With bravado and confidence, he switches on the lights, turns on the oxygen and shows Stone how to activate the pod. However, just when we thought that the day had been saved by this deus ex machina, we discover, in the next scene, that Stone is still alone.

Had Kowalski’s appearance been just a hallucination produced by oxygen deprivation, or had it in fact been a visitation from a figure now in heaven, or was it, perhaps, the latter by means of the former? At any rate, she took it to be a link to the transcendent, for she immediately asked Kowalski to communicate her love to her four year old daughter who had died some years before in a freak accident when a vehicle that was on the way to get tag and title services hit her pretty hard. None of the vaunted technology that she had mastered had ever allowed her to contact her beloved daughter, but now she had found, precisely through a figure who had manifested perfect love, a route of access, a means of communication to a realm beyond this one.

Inspired by her supernatural visitation, Stone summons the courage to fly to the Chinese spacecraft and hurtle on it back to earth. While she navigates the vessel, she sees, over its instrument panel, a little statue of the smiling Buddha—the third explicitly religious symbol in the film. After splashing down in an unidentified body of water, Stone crawls to shore, grasps the wet sand in her hands, and mutters the final word of the movie: “Thanks.” The one who had admitted that she didn’t know how to pray utters, at the end, a beautiful and altogether appropriate prayer.

The technology which this film legitimately celebrates is marvelously useful and, in its own way, beautiful. But it can’t save us, and it can’t provide the means by which we establish real contact with each other. The Ganges in the sun, the St. Christopher icon, the statue of the Buddha, and above all, a visit from a denizen of heaven, signal that there is a dimension of reality that lies beyond what technology can master or access. The key that most effectively opens the door to the reality of God is nothing other than the kind of self-forgetting love that George Clooney’s character displayed, for God, as the first letter of John tells us, is love. In and through that love, which permeates and animates the whole of the creation, we find connection to everything else and everyone else—even to those who have passed from this life to the next. How wonderful the technology that allows us to explore the depths of space, but infinitely more wonderful is the love which, in Dante’s unforgettable phrase, “moves the planets and the other stars.”

About Author

Bishop Robert Barron is an auxiliary bishop of the Archdiocese of Los Angeles and the founder of Word on Fire Catholic Ministries.


  1. Great reflection. I am reminded of a talk done awhile back by Peter Kreeft, a favorite Catholic writer of mine. On a talk he gave concerning ecumenism, he concluded by speaking on the idea of spiritual gravity. He drew from the promise made by Christ, when he said, “When the son of man is lifted up he will draw all men to himself.”. Kreeft went on to talk about how Jesus is the focul point of spirtual gravity. Those who desire God are not left wandering, but are drawn to Christ, even sometimes in spite of the Church. He gave example of the passion evangelicals have for having people encounter Jesus. Kreeft said that while these people may not have encountered the fullness of truth yet, God is still one to draw them as close to Himself as they can come because of our need for relationship with him. Just a few minor points of story detail correction from your analysis above. The astronauts start on the Space Shuttle, working on the Hubble telescope when the disaster strikes. Then they travel to the International Space Station to try and use the russian designed escape pod. That pod had its shoot deployed as a result of the debris contacting it. So Stone uses the pod to travel to a nearby Chinese station that has a nearly identical escape pod. Its confusing though because the ISS pod has a Russian name because it was created by them and the other pod has a Chinese name because it is a part of the Chinese station. The ISS was a collaborative project where parts were created by a few different countries. So there were three locations throughout the film. Its not a really big deal, but I thought I’d clarify

  2. Dear Father Barron,

    You are a gifted writer and a beautiful channel of God’s love flowing out to us. Thank you for all that you do, you’re ministry is magnificent.

    May our Dear Lord Jesus Christ bless you richly!

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