St Bernard of Clairvaux was born in 1090, at Fontaines, near Dijon, France and died at Clairvaux on the 21 August, 1153. Bernard was known for his intelligence and holiness and was consulted by Popes and monarchs during his time. When he was a monk he wrote the Rule of Benedict, which was based on an experiment he did with his family and friends who all lived, prayed and worked together for about a year. He taught his monks that being a humble person will lead you to God. He was canonised in 1174 and was declared a Doctor of the Church in 1830.